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Exploring Cat Dental Health - Gingivitis

Is your cat refusing to eat, or losing weight? It could be due to a dental health problem such as gingivitis. Read on to learn about the signs and how gingivitis in cats can be treated.

What is gingivitis in cats?

Gingivitis in cats is an inflammation of the gums (gingiva) that surround your kitty's teeth. This common oral health disease can range from moderate to severe, and in extreme cases, cats with gingivitis may have problems eating and grow very uncomfortable. To remedy the condition, a tooth cleaning under anesthesia would be required. Just like humans, plaque - a buildup of germs, debris, dead skin cells, mucus, and food - can accumulate on the teeth and contribute to this dental issue.

What are the signs of cat gingivitis?

Are you concerned that your cat may have gingivitis or other dental conditions? Some of the most common signs of dental health problems in cats are:

  • Reluctance or refusal to eat
  • Difficulty picking up toys or food
  • Bad breath
  • Red or swollen gums, especially around the area of the inner cheek
  • Drooling or dropping food when they eat
  • Calculi/tartar
  • Plaque build-up on the surface of the teeth

How did my cat get gingivitis?

The development of gingivitis in cats can result from various conditions including: 

  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Old age
  • Diet of canned food
  • Poor dental care
  • FeLV (Feline Leukemia Virus)
  • Crowded teeth

How do vets diagnose gingivitis in cats?

Cats are extremely adept at hiding their pain. This means that your cat may not show any signs of discomfort even if they are in severe oral pain. Even cats who are eating normally and are active can have significant dental disease without displaying any outward signs. Bringing your cat in for their annual routine exam is essential to the detection of dental disease, as a vet is often able to identify signs of conditions while observing an animal and checking for symptoms listed above. 

What is cat gingivitis treatment?

Eliminating accumulated plaque and dental calculus, as well as treating or extracting destabilized and/or diseased teeth is the first step when it comes to treating cat gingivitis. To address any inflammatory dental disease, routine tooth cleanings and dental X-rays should be conducted under anesthetic.

For cats suffering from stomatitis to have a comfortable mouth, their teeth are frequently extracted by a veterinarian if it is called for.

The frequency of dental checkups will be determined by the degree of periodontal disease in your cat. If your adult cat's teeth are overcrowded, or if it has baby (deciduous) teeth, your veterinarian may recommend a tooth extraction. Your veterinarian will show you how to clean your cat's teeth, and you should schedule follow-up exams.

How can I prevent my cat from developing gingivitis?

It may sound silly, but brushing your cat's teeth regularly is the best way to prevent your feline friend from developing oral health problems, including gingivitis. Cat-specific toothbrushes and toothpaste are available for purchase at pet supply stores and your veterinarian can show you how to brush your cat's teeth. Brushing should be introduced gradually and consistently so that cats become accustomed to it. If you can begin brushing your cat's teeth when they are just a young kitten, it will make the brushing process a normal (low-stress) part of their day-to-day life.

How do I brush my cat's teeth?

Ready to start brushing your cat's teeth but don't know what to do? Speak to your veterinarian for advice. If you have an adult cat it's important to start slow, be patient and give your kitty a chance to adjust to the new process.

Get your cat familiar with toothbrushes and toothpaste

Leave snacks on the counter near the toothpaste and toothbrush so cats can associate something positive with them. You can also place a dab of toothpaste for them to lick off your finger so they get accustomed to it.

Allow your cat to get used to you touching their mouth

Choose a dental treat your cat enjoys and place it on their pointy canine teeth. As they become accustomed to it, start placing it deeper and deeper into their mouth, on their teeth. This gets them used to you touching their mouth and makes it easier for you to introduce the toothpaste.

Brush Your Kitty's Teeth

Once your cat is used to the toothbrush, toothpaste, and you touching their mouth, it should be easier to brush their teeth. Brush along their gum line for about 15 to 30 seconds, only on the outside of the teeth, and reward them with a treat afterward.

Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.

Concerned that your cat may have gingivitis or another dental health problem? Contact our Clemmons vets to book an appointment today. Our experienced vets can assess your kitty's oral health and provide targeted treatment.

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